Just like the verb google has come to represent doing an online search, despite the existence of Yahoo! and Bing, when we use the word acne we are referring to the condition acne vulgaris, despite the existence of other types of acne.
“Other types of acne? Oh, you mean maskacne, mask acne, right? Because of mask wearing during the pandemic?” At our NYC acne clinic we see it all.
Believe it or not, before the occurrence of what we call maskacne, or mask acne, the rash that occurs under the covered areas of the faces which chronic mask wearing, there were types of acne other than what we all know as acne, or acne vulgaris. These other types of acne, which don’t start with the formation of a microcomedo, a subclinical oil and keratin plug in the hair follicle or pore, also tend to involve the hair follicle. Here are a few types:
Acne rosacea is often referred to as only rosacea. Rosacea is condition more common in people of northern European descent characterized by a spectrum of facial redness, flushing, sensitivity, broken blood vessels and skin thickening around the ears and nose. Some people also have eye involvement. It is included in acne because people sometime develop red papules and pustules in the affected area as do people with acne vulgaris. People with acne rosacea, however, don’t have the blackheads and whiteheads present in acne vulgaris—unless, of course, they happen to have both. Acne rosacea more commonly develops in adulthood v. puberty as does acne vulgaris. It is thought, however, that children with rosy cheeks are expressing signs of this condition.
Acne cosmetic is the term used to describe acne that occurs in people who would not otherwise have it but who develop it in response to cosmetic products including hair styling products. When the products are avoided the acne goes away.
People who are taking systemic steroids, such as prednisone, sometimes suddenly develop an eruption of erythematous papules and pustules, usually all of the same size, in the face, neck, chest, upper back and arms in an acne-like distribution. Steroid acne is different in that all the lesions tend to be the same size, and there is an absence of blackheads and whiteheads.
Acne mechanica is an acneiform eruption of papules and pustules on body surfaces undergoing friction, typically from clothing or gear such as when someone has on a football uniform.
Acne Keloidalis Nuchae– NYC Acne Clinic
Also known as AKN, acne keloidalis nuchae is a follicular condition, usually seen on the posterior scalp of African American men, characterized by papules, pustules and scars. The scars many times develop into keloids. It is thought to be caused by hairs curling back into the skin with close cut hair styles causing inflammation.
Acne Excoriee– NYC Acne Clinic
Acne excoriee is considered more of a behavioral condition in which a person feels compelled to pick, scratch or squeeze acne lesions that may or may not be clinically present. Many people with acne excoriee have only mild acne at worst but the affected area looks like it is severely affected due to the marks left from picking.
NYC Acne Clinic and Dr. Strachan
The Aglow Dermatology website has extensive information about acne, acne treatment, what causes acne, and more. Please visit our Acne Treatment NYC page for more information.
Dr. Dina Strachan is a board-certified dermatologist and internationally-recognized acne expert. Are you ready to achieve clear skin with the help of our team at our NYC acne clinic? Call 212-627-1004 or set up a consultation here.